Dental malocclusion, also known as teeth misalignment, is a frequent condition that affects thousands of people. Unlike any other oral health problem, dental malocclusion can't be fixed by prepping the tooth and placing a restoration on top. Instead, the dentist needs to use special orthodontic tools to move and shift the teeth into the correct position.
However, there are multiple orthodontic instruments with different shapes and functions due to the complexity of this procedure. Therefore, the dentist must make sure to have the right tools to treat any individual case. Otherwise, the treatment might not progress in an intended way.
What Orthodontic Tools Should A Dentist Have?
Every orthodontist must have a wide variety of tools to guarantee the treatment's success. Nonetheless, the following are the most common orthodontic tools that the dentist must have:
அடைப்புக்குறிகள் are small appliances that the dentist bonds to the buccal aspect of the teeth. However, the dentist can also place them on the lingual and palatal aspects of the teeth in some specialized cases.
Traditional brackets are made of metal. Nonetheless, there are also ceramic brackets available for a more discreet look.
Each bracket has a canal across the middle section. This is used to place and hold the archwire that connects each அடைப்புக்குறி.
தி வளைவு is an essential element of orthodontic treatment. It consists of a thin wire that passes across each bracket.
They are flexible and usually made of stainless steel. However, there are other material options available.
The archwire's chief role is to provide torque and apply pressure to help move the teeth.
Pliers are simple handheld orthodontic instruments. They are sturdy and offer an ergonomic grip for comfortable handling and usage.
முனை orthodontic இடுக்கி comes in many shapes to perform different functions. Therefore, each plier is unique and essential.
They are often used to hold the archwire, cut the ends, keep or remove the brackets, and more.
Although these are the most common and recognizable orthodontic tools, many other instruments are vital to treatment, such as:
● ரப்பர் பட்டைகள்
● Molar bands
● Molar tubes
● Interproximal reduction strips
● Orthodontic headgear
● ஆர்த்தோடோன்டிக் நீரூற்றுகள்
● Crimpable hooks
How Do Brackets And Archwires Work?
Brackets and archives are orthodontic tools designed to apply pressure to the teeth to move them in the correct position. This pressure is created by the archwire and redirected to the teeth through the brackets.
The key to this is the archwire's physical properties. Although these wires are flexible, they possess shape memory. Therefore, they try to return to their original shape after being twisted or suffering any modification.
As a result, when the archwire is placed on the brackets, its shape changes to that of the contour of the misaligned teeth. However, its shape memory tries to restore it to its original form.
However, it can't do it easily since it is fixed to the bracket. This results in pressure and forces being applied to the bracket. As expected, the bracket redirects these forces into the teeth and causes them to move.